The Pacific Agreement on Closer Economic Relations - Plus (PACER-Plus) agreement between Australia, New Zealand and 12 Pacific Island countries was finalised in Brisbane in April 2017. PACER-plus negotiations began in 2009 with 14 Pacific Island countries involved in the talks. The deal was signed on June 14, 2017, but the three largest economies - Papua New Guinea, Fiji and Vanuatu - did not sign. Both PNG and Fiji governments said the agreement threatens their infant industries and would not benefit their economies.
Vanuatu pulled out of the planned signing on the 14 June, wanting more time to assess the deal before making a decision. Vanuatu later signed in September 2017.
Pacific Island, Australian and New Zealand community groups signed a petition calling for independent assessments of the social impact of the deal in each country.